Katarina's Page O' Wenches and Stuff Watercolors

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Watercolors

 


 

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Supplies
Purchasing Supplies
Preparations
Painting
 

 

Supplies

 

The supplies that I use in a typical watercolor painting include:

6H pencil
Kneadable eraser
Pencil sharpener
Watercolor paints
Brushes
Palette
Jar or bucket for water
Watercolor paper
Plywood
Staple gun
Staples
Masking tape
Screwdriver and/or pliers
Razor blade or Exacto knife
 


 

Purchasing Supplies

 

If you are serious about having professional looking paintings, you absolutely *cannot* use cheap cake/pan watercolors.  These are meant for children and no serious artist should use them.  There is a *huge* difference in quality between kids' watercolors and professional watercolors.  I highly recommend shelling out the cash for better watercolors - the finished product always looks much better.  Not all cake/pan watercolors are bad - a good rule of thumb is that if they're sold by Dick Blick or in the professional artist section of a craft store instead of the children's, it is a good quality product. 

 

I personally use Windsor and Newton Cotman paints.  They are student grade, so they are less expensive than professional grade watercolors and they work well.  (The difference between student grade and professional grade watercolors has to do with the ratio of pigment to filler in a tube and thus the price.  Student quality paints are usually sufficient unless you intend to make a living off of your paintings.)

 

It's also best to get a wide variety of brushes - large ones, tiny ones, round ones, flat ones.  The better the selection of brushes you have, the more textures you can create and the more lifelike your painting is.  Don't be afraid to spend a little extra money buying good brushes that are going to last.  It's well worth it in the end.  Sable brushes are the best that you can get.  Also, it's wise to buy brushes that are meant specifically for watercolor as they hold water better and are easier to use.  Watercolor brushes typically have shorter handles than brushes for acrylics or oils.

 

Also, it is imperative to paint on something thicker than computer paper.  In fact, even Bristol board is *way* too thin to be painting on.  What you need is watercolor paper, illustration board or watercolor board.  If you go for watercolor paper, the thicker the paper (heavier "weight") the better.  Watercolor paper comes in hot press (smooth), cold press (textured), and rough (very textured).
 


 

Preparations

 

The best thing to do when doing *any* kind of painting on paper is to soak the paper for a couple of minutes until it's saturated with water.  A large tray or bathtub works well for this, although holding it under running water in a sink works as a last resort.  The wet paper should then be carefully taken out of the water and gently set on a piece of plywood that is larger than the paper.  I make sure that the paper is put on evenly with no wrinkles or trapped bubbles of air, then I staple it to the plywood at regular intervals.  If paper is not soaked and stapled to a board, when it is painted on the paper becomes warped and wrinkled.  Soaking and stapling keeps the paper flat and smooth and makes it easier to paint on.

 

Let the paper dry.  Once it is dry, the next step is to mask off a border with masking tape.  The tape protects the border of the painting from paint seeping over or under it and keeps the edges of the paper neat and even.  When applying the tape, I stick the tape to my jeans a couple of times so it doesn't tear the paper when I take it off.

 

Once the paper is attached to the board, is dry and is taped off, the next step is to sketch out my image using a 6H pencil (as shown in the sketching and inking tutorial).  Remember to use a very hard pencil because your lines *will* show through the paint.  If you feel the need to ink your image, remember to use waterproof ink so that the ink doesn't bleed and ruin your image.
 


 

Painting

 

Play around with mixing your colors in your palette.  Using colors straight out of the tube is hardly ever a wise decision.  Try desaturating colors by adding opposite colors (i.e. add purple to yellow, green to red, etc.).  Paints are *excellent* for helping you get a feel for color.

 

The reason why you need thick paper is to keep your painting from getting too waterlogged too fast.  Letting the painting dry between layers for at least a little while helps to keep the colors from bleeding into each other or getting too "muddy".  Build up lots of thin layers of color.  Thin layers of color are good for making things look light and airy or transparent.  Watering the paint down is good for putting down base layers and for making the paint go on more smoothly. The thicker the paint is, the harder it is to make it go on smoothly.  If you want a thicker, heavier look, I'd recommend gouache instead of watercolor - it's also water-based, but is meant to be put on thicker.

 

With watercolor it is important to work from light to dark.  Remember to leave areas that are supposed to be white unpainted.  It's more time effective than going back in with white watercolors or gouache.  Add more and more layers of color to areas that are supposed to be dark; add less paint to areas that are highlights.  Use darker, less saturated colors for shadows.

 

When you're all finished painting, let it dry completely before you attempt to take it off the board - otherwise the paper may still warp.  Once the paper is dry, carefully remove the masking tape from the paper, then cut around the edge of the border with a razor blade or an Exacto knife to remove the paper from the board.  Tear the remainder of the paper off of the board, then remove the staples from the board using a screwdriver and/or pliers.
 


 

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This entire site, including its name, writing, design, artwork, and any created web graphics Kayleen Connell 1999 - 2016 unless otherwise indicated.
Please do not alter, distribute, or steal any of the contents of this site.